Introduction to

The library (abridged Geotk) provides a toolkit of data structures and methods which can be used by Java applications. While using Geotk requires only adding a bundle JAR file to the classpath and calling public methods of the library, discovering the contents of the library, understanding the underlying concepts, and learning to use the Geotk classes and methods can take quite some time. Geotk performs very complex tasks such as converting coordinates from one coordinate system into another and no library can simplify the concepts and mathematics behind the operations. Geotk is hard because geospatial manipulation is hard.

Generally, users of Geotk should interact only with the factory system, the GeoAPI interfaces and the utility classes in Geotk. The factory system enables users to create new objects which conform to the interfaces declared by GeoAPI. Those interfaces allow users to manipulate the objects conformant to the specifications provided by ISO and the OGC. The Geotk utility classes provide convenience way to perform some common operations on those objects.

The first few examples below, in order to remain simple and introduce only a few concepts at a time, do not work through the factory system.


Before trying these examples, it is important to make sure that the requirements are met. The Java Developer Kit which provides the javac command and the runtime environment which provides the java command must both conform to Java version 6. These examples use the JDK and JRE provided by Oracle on the download page.

The examples presume the user has downloaded the Referencing bundle available from the download page and used the unpack200 command to expand the download into a JAR file named geotk-referencing-bundle.jar, for example, using the following command:

unpack200 geotk-referencing-SNAPSHOT.pack.gz geotk-referencing-bundle.jar

These examples do not require that JAI be installed into the Java Runtime Environment.

First Light

This example merely ensures that we can run the code. The example simply prints out the Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Coordinate Reference System used by the Global Positioning System.

The following text file should be created and named

 * The project provides this file for any use, modification, or redistribution
 * that anyone may desire but without warranty of any kind, neither expressed nor implied,
 * and no expression of merchantibility or fitness for any particular purpose.
import org.apache.sis.referencing.CommonCRS;

public class FirstGeotk {
    public static void main(String[] args){

The file can then be compiled with the Java compiler javac using the command:

javac -cp geotk-referencing-bundle.jar

The compiled class can then be run with the command:

java -cp geotk-referencing-bundle.jar:. FirstGeotk

which should result in a print out of a WKT representation of the WGS84 CRS:

    SPHEROID["WGS84", 6378137.0, 298.257223563]],
  PRIMEM["Greenwich", 0.0],
  UNIT["degree", 0.017453292519943295],
  AXIS["Geodetic longitude", EAST],
  AXIS["Geodetic latitude", NORTH]]

Getting this far is good news; it means that things are working correctly.

A Trivial Application

The first example application in this introduction will be quite simple. This simple example uses the org.geotoolkit.referencing.CRS utility class to convert a coordinate from the values for one Coordinate Reference System into another. The Java class given below, which can be downloaded here, describes a location on the surface of the earth using a DirectPosition and then converts that description of the location into a different description of the same location but using a differnent coordinate system.

 * The project provides this file for any use, modification, or redistribution
 * that anyone may desire but without warranty of any kind, neither expressed nor implied,
 * and no expression of merchantibility or fitness for any particular purpose.
import org.opengis.geometry.*;
import org.opengis.referencing.operation.*;

import org.geotoolkit.geometry.*;
import org.geotoolkit.referencing.CRS;

public class SecondGeotk {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws FactoryException, TransformException {
        CoordinateReferenceSystem sourceCRS = CommonCRS.WGS84.geocentric();
        CoordinateReferenceSystem targetCRS = CommonCRS.WGS84.geographic3D();
        MathTransform tr = CRS.findOperation(sourceCRS, targetCRS, null).getMathTransform();
         * From this point we can convert an arbitrary amount of coordinates using the
         * same MathTransform object. It could be in concurrent threads if we wish.
        DirectPosition sourcePt = new GeneralDirectPosition(302742.5, 5636029.0, 2979489.2);
        DirectPosition targetPt = tr.transform(sourcePt, null);
        System.out.println("Source point: " + sourcePt);
        System.out.println("Target point: " + targetPt);

which can be compiled and run with:

javac -cp geotk-referencing-bundle.jar
java  -cp geotk-referencing-bundle.jar:. SecondGeotk

Metadata Example

The Metadata module provides both a foundation for the rest of the library and a way to create and manipulate metadata records. This trivial example shows how to build and use a RecordType data structure is:

SimpleLiteral id         = new SimpleLiteral("{8C71082D-5B3B-5F9D-FC40-F7807C8AB645}");
SimpleLiteral title      = new SimpleLiteral("(JASON-1)");
SimpleLiteral type       = new SimpleLiteral("clearinghouse");

List<SimpleLiteral> subject = new ArrayList<SimpleLiteral>();
subject.add(new SimpleLiteral("Ocean elevation NASA/JPL/JASON-1"));
subject.add(new SimpleLiteral("Ocean elevation 2"));

SimpleLiteral modified   = new SimpleLiteral("2007-11-15 21:26:49");
SimpleLiteral Abstract   = new SimpleLiteral("Jason-1 follows the highly "
                                            +"successful TOPEX/Poseidon mission.");
SimpleLiteral references = new SimpleLiteral("");
SimpleLiteral spatial    = new SimpleLiteral("northlimit=66.0; eastlimit=180; "
                                            +"southlimit=-66.0; westlimit=-180;");

List<BoundingBoxType> bbox = new ArrayList<BoundingBoxType>();
bbox.add(new WGS84BoundingBoxType(180, -66.0, -180, 66.0));

RecordType record = new RecordType(id, title, type, subject, null, modified, null, Abstract, bbox, null, null, null, spatial, references);

The RecordType can then be marshalled into an XML String with:

StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
recordMarshaller.marshal(record, sw);

String result = sw.toString();

which would yield the following text (with some minor reformatting):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<csw:Record xmlns:gml=""
    <dc:subject>Ocean elevation NASA/JPL/JASON-1</dc:subject>
    <dc:subject>Ocean elevation 2</dc:subject>
    <dct:modified>2007-11-15 21:26:49</dct:modified>
    <dct:abstract>Jason-1 follows the highly successful TOPEX/Poseidon mission.</dct:abstract>
    <dct:spatial>northlimit=66.0; eastlimit=180; southlimit=-66.0; westlimit=-180;</dct:spatial>
    <ows:WGS84BoundingBox dimensions="2">
        <ows:LowerCorner>180.0 -66.0</ows:LowerCorner>
        <ows:UpperCorner>-180.0 66.0</ows:UpperCorner>

Where do I go from here?

The examples given in this introduction are admitedly simplistic. We have unfortunately not yet developed extensive documentation for the project. For now, the best way to proceed is to read the javadoc API documentation for both GeoAPI and for Geotk. The unit tests for the various modules provide further usage examples of the library.